Daniel Gile is a former mathematician who later gained a PhD in Japanese (1984) and a PhD in linguistics (1989). In his research he explores issues of information transfer during simultaneous interpreting, the didactics of translation and interpreting, and the cognitive processes employed during conference interpreting. Throughout his career he has published more than 250 papers and books, among which is the immensely influential Basic Concepts and Models for Interpreter and Translator Training (1995). Some of his most referenced theories are the effort models and the gravitational model for interpreting. He has been a professor at several universities in France and Belgium and is currently professor emeritus at the Université Sorbonne Nouvelle in Paris. For six years he was president of the European Society for Translation Studies, where he is still a member of the advisory board. He was made an honorary professor at Shanghai International Studies University, a guest professor at Guangdong University of Foreign Studies (2008-2011) and an honorary member of the Japan Association for Interpreting and Translation Studies. He is the editor of the CIRIN Bulletin, associate editor of Interpreting and member of the editorial board of Target (published by John Benjamins), as well as a member of the editorial boards of other several journals of translation and/or interpreting studies. He has also pursued a career as a scientific and technical translator and conference interpreter.